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C++ Programming Code Examples

C++ > Beginners Lab Assignments Code Examples

Arithmetic Operators - Increment Operator - Decrement Operator

/* Arithmetic Operators - Increment Operator - Decrement Operator This type of operators are discussed in the article C++ Variable Types. Basic arithmetic operators are +, -, *, /, %. In addition to these operators there are 2 operators to increase and decrease value of the variable. The increment operator is ++ and the decrement operator is --. These operators can be used as before the variable (prefix) and after the variable (postfix). For example, you can change the values of the variable in the following way: */ int a = 0; ++a; //now "a" is 1 cout << a << endl; a++; //now "a" is 2 cout << a << endl; --a; //decrement a. it's 1 now cout << a << endl; --a; //decrement a; it is 0 now cout << a; cin.ignore();

The cout is a predefined object of ostream class. It is connected with the standard output device, which is usually a display screen. The cout is used in conjunction with stream insertion operator (<<) to display the output on a console. On most program environments, the standard output by default is the screen, and the C++ stream object defined to access it is cout. The "c" in cout refers to "character" and "out" means "output". Hence cout means "character output". The cout object is used along with the insertion operator << in order to display a stream of characters.

The C++ comments are statements that are not executed by the compiler. The comments in C++ programming can be used to provide explanation of the code, variable, method or class. If we write comments on our code, it will be easier for us to understand the code in the future. Also, it will be easier for your fellow developers to understand the code. By the help of comments, you can hide the program code also. There are two types of comments in C++: • Single Line comment. • Multi Line comment

As the name already suggests, these operators help in assigning values to variables. These operators help us in allocating a particular value to the operands. The main simple assignment operator is '='. We have to be sure that both the left and right sides of the operator must have the same data type. We have different levels of operators. Assignment operators are used to assign the value, variable and function to another variable. Assignment operators in C are some of the C Programming Operator, which are useful to assign the values to the declared variables. Let's discuss the various types of the assignment operators such as =, +=, -=, /=, *= and %=. The following table lists the assignment operators supported by the C language:

Extract and discard characters. Extracts characters from the input sequence and discards them, until either n characters have been extracted, or one compares equal to delim. The function also stops extracting characters if the end-of-file is reached. If this is reached prematurely (before either extracting n characters or finding delim), the function sets the eofbit flag. Internally, the function accesses the input sequence by first constructing a sentry object (with noskipws set to true). Then (if good), it extracts characters from its associated stream buffer object as if calling its member functions sbumpc or sgetc, and finally destroys the sentry object before returning. Function returns the istream object (*this).

Arithmetic Operator is used to performing mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, modulus, etc., on the given operands. For example: 6 + 3 = 9, 5 - 3 = 2, 3 * 4 = 12, etc. are the examples of arithmetic operators. Let's discuss the different types of Arithmetic Operators in the C programming. Plus Operator is a simple Plus (+) Operator used to add two given operands. We can use Plus Operator with different data types such as integer, float, long, double, enumerated and string type data to add the given operand. The minus operator is denoted by the minus (-) symbol. It is used to return the subtraction of the first number from the second number. The data type of the given number can be different types, such as int, float, double, long double, etc., in the programing language.

Displaying the "Topological Sort Method" of finding whether a given graph contains cycle or not using Kosaraju's Algorithm. Enter the source and destination. Cycles exist in graph.

In case of 'an array' we check that a given key or a number is present in array at any index or not by "comparing each element" of array. By traversing the whole data structure elements

Returns whether n is "prime" or not. Find next prime size of the table. Function To Generate Hash. Function to Initialize Table. Function to "Find Element" at a key. Insert Element into a

The "goto statement" is used for transferring the control of a program to a given label. The syntax of goto statement looks like this: In a C++ program, we have any "number of goto"