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C++ Programming Code Examples

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Assign object1 to object2

/* Assign object1 to object2 */ #include <iostream> using namespace std; class BaseClass { int a; public: void load_a(int n) { a = n; } int get_a() { return a; } }; class DerivedClass : public BaseClass { int b; public: void load_b(int n) { b = n; } int get_b() { return b; } }; int main() { DerivedClass object1, object2; object1.load_a(5); object1.load_b(10); object2 = object1; cout << "Here is object1's a and b: "; cout << object1.get_a() << ' ' << object1.get_b() << endl; cout << "Here is object2's a and b: "; cout << object2.get_a() << ' ' << object2.get_b() << endl; return 0; }

The main purpose of C++ programming is to add object orientation to the C programming language and classes are the central feature of C++ that supports object-oriented programming and are often called user-defined types. A class is used to specify the form of an object and it combines data representation and methods for manipulating that data into one neat package. The data and functions within a class are called members of the class.

A return statement ends the processing of the current function and returns control to the caller of the function. A value-returning function should include a return statement, containing an expression. If an expression is not given on a return statement in a function declared with a non-void return type, the compiler issues an error message. If the data type of the expression is different from the function return type, conversion of the return value takes place as if the value of the expression were assigned to an object with the same function return type.

A program shall contain a global function named main, which is the designated start of the program in hosted environment. main() function is the entry point of any C++ program. It is the point at which execution of program is started. When a C++ program is executed, the execution control goes directly to the main() function. Every C++ program have a main() function.

In C++, constructor is a special method which is invoked automatically at the time of object creation. It is used to initialize the data members of new object generally. The constructor in C++ has the same name as class or structure. Constructors are special class functions which performs initialization of every object. The Compiler calls the Constructor whenever an object is created. Constructors initialize values to object members after storage is allocated to the object. Whereas, Destructor on the other hand is used to destroy the class object. • Default Constructor: A constructor which has no argument is known as default constructor. It is invoked at the time of creating object.

Consider a situation, when we have two persons with the same name, jhon, in the same class. Whenever we need to differentiate them definitely we would have to use some additional information along with their name, like either the area, if they live in different area or their mother's or father's name, etc. Same situation can arise in your C++ applications. For example, you might be writing some code that has a function called xyz() and there is another library available which is also having same function xyz(). Now the compiler has no way of knowing which version of xyz() function you are referring to within your code.

#include is a way of including a standard or user-defined file in the program and is mostly written at the beginning of any C/C++ program. This directive is read by the preprocessor and orders it to insert the content of a user-defined or system header file into the following program. These files are mainly imported from an outside source into the current program. The process of importing such files that might be system-defined or user-defined is known as File Inclusion. This type of preprocessor directive tells the compiler to include a file in the source code program.

The C++ comments are statements that are not executed by the compiler. The comments in C++ programming can be used to provide explanation of the code, variable, method or class. If we write comments on our code, it will be easier for us to understand the code in the future. Also, it will be easier for your fellow developers to understand the code. By the help of comments, you can hide the program code also. There are two types of comments in C++: • Single Line comment. • Multi Line comment

This is a C++ Program to check whether point lies above, below or on the line. For example, the equation of the line connecting points (2, 2) and (4, 5) is -3x + 2y + 2 = 0. The point (6, 3)

You have to ask to the user to enter a number and start "multiplying" that number from 1 to 10 and display the multiplication result at the time of multiplying on the screen which is the

This C++ program implements the "Disjoint" Set data structure. It is a data structure that keeps track of a set of elements partitioned into a number of disjoint ("nonoverlapping")