 # C++ Programming Code Examples

## C++ > Computer Graphics Code Examples

### Program to Find the Shortest Path from Source Vertex to All Other Vertices in Linear Time

``` Program to Find the Shortest Path from Source Vertex to All Other Vertices in Linear Time This is a C++ Program to find the shortest path in linear time. This can be done by using Dijkstra'a Shortestpath algorithm. #include <stdio.h> #include <limits.h> #include <iostream> using namespace std; // Number of vertices in the graph #define V 9 // A utility function to find the vertex with minimum distance value, from the set of vertices not yet included in shortest path tree int minDistance(int dist[], bool sptSet[]) { // Initialize min value int min = INT_MAX, min_index; for (int v = 0; v < V; v++) if (sptSet[v] == false && dist[v] <= min) min = dist[v], min_index = v; return min_index; } // A utility function to print the constructed distance array int printSolution(int dist[], int n) { cout << "Vertex Distance from Source\n"; for (int i = 0; i < V; i++) printf("%d \t\t %d\n", i, dist[i]); } // Funtion that implements Dijkstra's single source shortest path algorithm for a graph represented using adjacency matrix representation void dijkstra(int graph[V][V], int src) { int dist[V]; // The output array. dist[i] will hold the shortest // distance from src to i bool sptSet[V]; // sptSet[i] will true if vertex i is included in shortest // path tree or shortest distance from src to i is finalized // Initialize all distances as INFINITE and stpSet[] as false for (int i = 0; i < V; i++) dist[i] = INT_MAX, sptSet[i] = false; // Distance of source vertex from itself is always 0 dist[src] = 0; // Find shortest path for all vertices for (int count = 0; count < V - 1; count++) { // Pick the minimum distance vertex from the set of vertices not yet processed. u is always equal to src in first iteration. int u = minDistance(dist, sptSet); // Mark the picked vertex as processed sptSet[u] = true; // Update dist value of the adjacent vertices of the picked vertex. for (int v = 0; v < V; v++) // Update dist[v] only if is not in sptSet, there is an edge from // u to v, and total weight of path from src to v through u is // smaller than current value of dist[v] if (!sptSet[v] && graph[u][v] && dist[u] != INT_MAX && dist[u] + graph[u][v] < dist[v]) dist[v] = dist[u] + graph[u][v]; } // print the constructed distance array printSolution(dist, V); } int main() { int graph[V][V] = { { 0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 8, 0 }, { 4, 0, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, 11, 0 }, { 0, 8, 0, 7, 0, 4, 0, 0, 2 }, { 0, 0, 7, 0, 9, 14, 0, 0, 0 }, { 0, 0, 0, 9, 0, 10, 0, 0, 0 }, { 0, 0, 4, 0, 10, 0, 2, 0, 0 }, { 0, 0, 0, 14, 0, 2, 0, 1, 6 }, { 8, 11, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 7 }, { 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 6, 7, 0 } }; dijkstra(graph, 0); return 0; } ```